Prsian Garden

Shahname Garden Museum

The project is a museum inspired by ‘Shahname’, designed as a garden in 3 phases.

Persian Gardens:

Persian garden refers to its unique structure and design which represents the integration between human and nature.

Persian gardens may originate as early as 4000 BCE. Decorated pottery of that time displays the typical cross plan of the Persian garden. The outline of the Pasargad Garden, built around 500 BCE, is viewable today.

During the reign of the Sassanian (third to seventh century CE), and under the influence of Zoroastrianism, water in art grew increasingly important. This trend manifested itself in garden design, with greater emphasis on fountains and ponds in gardens.

During the Arab occupation, the aesthetic aspect of the garden increased in importance, overtaking utility. During this time, aesthetic rules that govern the garden grew in importance.

An example of this is the Chahar Baghi, a form of garden that attempts to emulate Eden, with four rivers and four quadrants that represent the world. The design sometimes extends one axis longer than the cross-axis and may feature water channels that run through each of the four gardens and connect to a central pool.

Prsian Garden

Elements of Persian garden:

Sunlight and its effects were an important factor of structural design in Persian gardens.

Textures and shapes were specifically chosen by architects to harness the light. Iran’s dry heat makes shade important in gardens, which would be nearly unusable without it.

Trees and trellises largely feature as biotic shade; pavilions and walls are also structurally prominent in blocking the sun.

The heat also makes water important, both in the design and maintenance of the garden. Irrigation may be required and may be provided via a form of underground tunnel called a Qanat, that transports water from a local aquifer.

Shahname:

The Shahnameh, Book of Kings, is an epic composed by the Iranian poet Hakim Abul-Qasim Mansur.

The Amphitheatre plays as a pavilion role in the head of the cite. However, there is some fracture in the main axis, which inspired by ‘shahname’. Fractures meet in 7 points, that reminds visitors Seven Khan in this book.

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